X. Xie, M. McGregor, N. Dendukuri
Journal of Wound Care, Vol. 19, Iss. 11, 10 Nov 2010, pp 490 - 495
Objective: To estimate the efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), on the basis of a systematic review of reported randomised controlled trials (RCTs).
Method: A systematic literature search for relevant RCTs was carried out. The credibility of the outcome of each study was evaluated using a specially constructed instrument.
Results: We identified 17 RCTs, of which five had not been included in previous reviews or health technology assessments. For diabetic foot ulcers (seven RCTs), there was consistent evidence of the benefit of NPWT compared with control treatments. For pressure ulcers (three RCTs), results were conflicting. In trials involving mixed wounds (five RCTs), evidence was encouraging but of inadequate quality. Significant complications were not increased.
Conclusion: There is now sufficient evidence to show that NPWT is safe, and will accelerate healing, to justify its use in the treatment of diabetes-associated chronic leg wounds. There is also evidence, though of poor quality, to suggest that healing of other wounds may also be accelerated.